On 19 December 2019, a new EU withdrawal agreement was tabled in the House of Commons in a substantially identical form (but with some substantial changes). She concluded her passage through the House of Commons when she received her third reading on January 9, 2020, and is now before the House of Lords. After passing its second reading by a sovereign 358 votes to 234, the withdrawal agreement is on track to complete its adoption by both houses of Parliament in time for Brexit to take place at the end of January. This could be a big stumbling block for Members who are trying to organise or stop the withdrawal agreement after second reading. In 1972, while the House of Commons was considering the European Communities Act, Robert Grant-Ferris decided that the amendments to amend the treaty text were not correct. But the Conservatives promised in their election platform that there would be no extension of the transition period, and Johnson reiterated that promise on numerous occasions during the election campaign. The bill, which came into force yesterday, removes a clause in the previous version that gave Members the right to authorize the extension of the transition period and replace it with a new clause prohibiting any extension of the transposition period. It sets the closing date for the implementation period at 23 .m to December 31, 2020. The third reading is then an opportunity for MEPs to approve or reject the WAB as amended in committee and in the reporting phase. If the WAB has been subject to significant changes in the House of Commons, which seems likely, third reading could be the critical time to decide whether the UK will withdraw with an agreement on 31 October. At its meeting on 13 December, in the format of Article 50 – that is, without Boris Johnson – the European Council reaffirmed its desire to establish as close a relationship as possible with the United Kingdom, in line with the political declaration defining the framework for future relations between the EU and the United Kingdom. After stressing that future relations must “be based on a balance between rights and obligations and ensure a level playing field”, he called on the Commission to present to the Council, immediately after its withdrawal, a draft comprehensive mandate for future relations with the United Kingdom and called on the General Affairs Council to swiftly adopt the appropriate decisions and the negotiating mandate. And he welcomed the Commission`s decision to reinstate Michel Barnier as chief negotiator for the negotiations on future relations.
Both have not had as profound an effect as the withdrawal treaty. In a flurry of legislative activities this week, the British House of Lords on Monday and Tuesday passed five amendments to the European Union Withdrawal Act (withdrawal agreement) passed by the House of Commons on 9 January; On Wednesday, the House of Commons rejected the five amendments and sent the bill back to the House of Lords; and yesterday, instead of participating in parliamentary ping-pong by passing one or more of the amendments a second time, the House of Lords approved the original bill without a vote and passed it. Shortly thereafter, the bill received royal approval and became the Withdrawal Agreement.